Anxiety and Anxiety-Related Disorders in the Adolescent Population: An Overview of Diagnosis and Treatment
Carol L. Rizzolo, RPA-C, MA*a, John E. Taylor, MAb, Robert L. Cerciello, MD, FAAPc
a476 Wood Hill Rd, Cheshire, CT 06410
bChild and Youth Mental Health, Ministry of Children and Family Development, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada V8W 951
cDepartments of Neurology and Pediatrics, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, 263 Farmington Road, Farmington, CT 06030; Connecticut Children’s Medical Center, 60 Hartland Street, East Hartford, CT 06108
Anxiety is a common component of visits to the doctor’s office by adolescents; however, it is often overlooked as a possible causative agent of the presenting complaint. With a high index of suspicion and proper questioning, a clinician can analyze the contribution that anxiety plays in the life of an adolescent patient. Behavioral and pharmacologic interventions exist for this group of disorders, and with proper diagnosis and treatment the symptoms of these disorders can possi- bly be ameliorated. The following provides a concise guide to the diagnosis and treatment of anxiety and anxiety-related disorders including hyperventilation syndrome, syncope, sleep disorders, panic disorder, and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD).
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Published in The Journal of Adolesc Med 20 (2009) 188-202